The conflict between India and China is on the surge, because of the construction of the road by India. China is asking India to stop building infrastructure on the Ladakh border. China has deployed 5000 troops on the border to put pressure on India. India has also deployed troops there on the same scale. The tension between the two countries does not seem to below. The question is, are the war-like situations in the two countries appearing? China’s expansionist and very ambitious policy has become a threat to the whole world. In the case of coronavirus, China has been on the Dadagiri after it has been eroded. He is threatening many countries. Now, he is asking India to stop building infrastructure on the Ladakh border. China has deployed 5000 troops on the border to put pressure on India. India has also deployed troops there on the same scale. The tension between the two countries does not seem to below. The question is, are the war-like situations in the two countries appearing?
Terming the tension as the reason for the tension, defense affairs wiz PK Sehgal said that China has deployed 5000 troops in front of India. China is pressurizing India to stop building infrastructure. India has categorically refused because China has made huge constructions on its part, India is just trying to protect the borders. In recent times, the armies of India and China in Ladakh and North Sikkim have increased their presence to a great extent. About 3,500 kilometers long LAC actually serves as a border between the two countries. China has made preparations to fight against the incessant tension on the border. The army has been instructed to continue the ongoing construction work on the border. Amid the growing activities of Chinese troops on the line of actual control of India and China, Prime Minister Narendra Modi reviewed the entire situation with the country’s top military leadership on Tuesday. The first such meeting convened by the Prime Minister has made it clear that China’s strategy to press for a military force will be thwarted.
It also shows that the situation on the border is deteriorating despite no comments yet on the current tension on the part of the political leadership of the two countries. In fact, the Indo-China border dispute has been going on since Jawaharlal Nehru’s prime minister’s tenure. At that time, China occupied india’s 43,180 sq km area. Further, under the so-called border agreement signed between China and Pakistan on 2nd March 1963, Pakistan had illegally handed over 5180 sq km of Pak occupied Kashmir to China. The state of Jammu and Kashmir is an integral and integral part of India. The relations between the two countries are also strained over China’s forest belt, one road. The corridor passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. That is why India boycotted the conference on China’s forest belt, One Road. During the visit of the then Chinese President Chiang Chamin to India in the year 1996, the two countries signed an agreement on the LAC to restore confidence in the military sector.
During the visit of the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to China in June 2003, each of the two sides agreed to appoint a special representative in this regard. Several meetings of both the sides have been held so far on the subject but there is no progress on the border dispute. Under rti, the Ministry of External Affairs was asked how many areas of India China have occupied and what initiative the Government has taken in this regard. Defense affairs expert Rahul Bhosle said, the border issue has been under discussion for the last 30 years. But it has not yielded any results and a large area is under the occupation of China. Incidents of encroachment in Indian territory along the Line of Actual Control are also continuing. He said that in fact, China needs to be conscious of such activities and its intention is very clear. We have to look at our policy in the strategic perspective in the post-1962 situation in the context of China. The policy of the previous governments has been very defensive and China takes advantage of this.
India shares a 3,488 km long border with China. These borders pass through Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. It is divided into three sectors. The western sector i.e. Jammu and Kashmir, middle sector i.e., Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand and eastern sector i.e. Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. However, there has been no complete demarcation between the two countries so far as there is a dispute over many areas. China claims Aksai China in the western sector, which is currently under its control. During the War of 1962 with India, China occupied the entire region. In the eastern sector, China claims Arunachal Pradesh. China also does not consider the McMahon line between Tibet and Arunachal Pradesh. He says that in 1914, when the representatives of British India and Tibet entered into these agreements, he was not there. Tibet has been a part of it, so it cannot take any decision.
In fact, in 1914, Tibet was an independent but weak country, but China never considered Tibet an independent country. In 1950, China took Tibet fully into its possession. Despite Sardar Patel’s warning, Nehru did not take any note at that time. The country is suffering the brunt of their mistakes today. Due to these disputes, there could never be a boundary between the two countries. However, the line of mutual control i.e. LAC term was used to maintain the status quo. But it is not yet clear. The two countries show their different line of mutual control. This line of achuel control has many glaciers, snow deserts, mountains and rivers. There are many areas with the LAC where there are often reports of tension between the troops of India and China. The 134 km long Pangong Tso Lake is located at an altitude of more than 14,000 feet in the Himalayas. The lake has an area of 45 kms in India, while the 90 km area falls in China.
The line of actual control passes through this lake. One-third of the Chinese side’s encroachment in the western sector is near the same Pangong Tso Lake. This is because there is no consensus on the line of actual control between the two countries. Both of them have been set up separately. The policy of the previous governments of India has been very defensive and China takes advantage of this.